Contract Electronics Manufacturing and PCB Assembly Blog

Keep Your Contract Electronics Manufacturing Safe By Staying Local

Posted by Matthew Turpin on Tue, Jul 28, 2015 @ 06:25 PM

american-pcb-assemblyWe spotted a new story this week that once again highlights how risky it is, outsourcing contract electronics manufacturing to China.  It's just another example of why modern businesses need to be looking to manufacturing centers with strong IP protections.

Stories of failed Kickstarter projects are a dime-a-dozen, but the saga of The Dot is slightly different. The pitch was simple:  Affordable < $100 Bluetooth earbuds stored in a self-charging tube roughly the size of lipstick.  The Kickstarter reached its funding goal within a matter of hours, and was on track to have plenty of excess funding.  Then the entire project was shut down, and all pledges refunded, because Kickstarter decided that The Dot was a re-sold Chinese product.

The twist?  According to The Dot's inventors, their outsourced prototypes -needed to sell the Kickstarter- were stolen and manufactured before they even had time to get to market.

It's a He-Says-She-Says game that will likely never be proven either way, but now The Dot is DOA.  The unprovability is really just part of the problem:  When you're dealing with a country that doesn't respect IP laws, there's simply no way of protecting your designs.

Chinese IP Theft Endangers Global Contract Electronics Manufacturing

The US-government IP Commission Report lays out in stark detail just how bad this problem has gotten.  China is, according to the report, responsible for 80% of US IP theft, amounting to a whopping $300 billion in losses.  By comparison, that is roughly the same as the total legitimate US-to-China trade.

To make matters worse, the Chinese government is flatly in denial about the situation, even though anyone who's lived in Asia for any amount of time knows how incredibly common counterfeit products are.  IP protections are simply non-existent, and only the most valuable (ie, highest-paying) companies have any reasonable chance at redress.

Smaller operations, like the group attempting to make The Dot, are simply SOL if their designs get rippedElectronic-Engineering-Company off.

To make matters even worse, China is now starting to outsource to Africa, as their own manufacturing centers can no longer remain competitive in the cutthroat low-cost market.  So a company sending prototypes to China may basically be spreading their "secret" schematics across half the known world.

Domestic Manufacturing Keeps Your Designs Safe

The alternative is simply to look towards the USA.  The United States has some of the strongest IP protections in the world, along with taking a leadership role in bringing other countries in line.  Furthermore, despite reports to the contrary, manufacturing in the US now costs roughly the same as Chinese manufacturing. 

Simply put, the Chinese boom of the last 20 years has driven their own costs of living and doing business up to the point there simply isn't a major price difference, especially when externalities like transportation costs are taken into account.

So for a Western company looking to succeed with a new product, American manufacturing is an all-around good idea:

  • Top-grade equipment and manufacturing processes
  • Agreed-upon standards for per-component inventory tracking
  • Shorter in-country supply lines
  • All-in-one services, including design, software, and post-sale support
  • Far stricter "green" standards for eco-friendly designs
  • Rapid prototyping services, potentially in less than a week

Domestic manufacturing makes sense again, and ZenTech is here to help.  Contact us today to safely make your next project a reality.  

Electronic Interconnect Cabling Whitepaper from Zentech

Topics: contract manufacturing, electronic manufacturing

Why Look Overseas For Your PCB Prototype Assembly?

Posted by Matthew Turpin on Tue, Dec 16, 2014 @ 07:00 AM

 PCB Prototype AssemblyFor at least a decade, it's been "common wisdom" in electronics retail that you should look overseas for PCB prototype assembly and later manufacturing.  However, there's less and less reason to do so, and plenty of great reasons to keep your PCB prototype assembly right here in the USA!

As NPR reported earlier this year, the "reshoring" trend is still going strong, and it's due directly to major market shifts, along with realizations that overseas manufacturing wasn't quite the bargain it was sold as.

Four Reasons To Reshore Your PCB Prototyping And Assembly

1 - Rising Costs

China is a Macro Economics lesson in a nutshell:  What do you get when thousands of companies all flood into a single country with money and jobs?  The answer: Inflation!

China's cost of living has been growing at a steady 15% for the last several years and there's no sign of it slowing - especially now that China is claiming to be the largest economy in the world.  The very practical real-world result is that many of the manufacturing centers that were dirt-cheap 10-20 years ago are now in a price range comparable to most of the rest of the developed world.

For that matter, it's not just China.  India -another popular offshoring destination- is suffering similar growing pains with rising costs of living but stagnating wages.

The inevitable effect of any "gold rush" of offshoring into a country is the negation of its price benefits after a few years.

2 - Poor Parts Control

Eastern manufacturing centers have become notorious for having low QC standards and -at times- fairly rampant corruption.  It's very difficult for a company to have proper oversight.  In fact, even the United States Department of Defense couldn't stop Chinese fakes from making it into their supply line.

An American company, using the latest in product tracking technologies, can provide true end-to-end data demonstrating the reliability of their supply chain.  It increases the cost slightly, but it's a bargain compared to opening up a product and discovering that it's got an "official" Imtel CPU.

3 - Better Oversight And Communicationspcb prototype

Another of the problems with offshore manufacturing that no one paid enough attention to were the communications issues.  It's bad enough having employees in the field who are having to make reports at 3AM, local time, so they can videoconference with an office in the States.  You'll be lucky if that local guy has any idea what's truly going on behind the scenes.  

Asian mega-manufacturer Foxconn, for example, has been caught multiple times leading overseers down a garden path while hiding the truth of their operations.  

And every time they got caught, you know who was blamed for it in the media?  Apple.  If your manufacturer behaves badly, you are the one who'll get the bad press. 

Or, with a domestic facility, you're nearly in the same time zone, you speak the same language as all their workers, and they're working within the US legal framework and its superior regulatory capacity.

4 - Shorter Supply Lines

Finally, think about logistics of keeping manufacturing local.  Sure, you aren't sourcing the cheapest possible components from someplace overseas... and you also aren't paying to ship them from someplace overseas.  In many instances we've seen, a big-picture cost analysis of offshore supplying shows that the per-unit price savings vanish in the face of shipping and fuel costs.

America produces virtually every product known to man.  There's no need to go overseas for components.  They're right here at home, and the short supply lines will save you money on production at every stage of the process.

Keep Your PCB Assembly Local!

A modern American electronics production facility can bring you better products, better oversight, and better communications at prices equivalent to most of the popular offshoring destinations.  It makes your life easier, eliminates messy problems, and helps keep America's economy strong.

Contact ZenTech today for a free manufacturing consultation!  


Electronic Interconnect Cabling Whitepaper from Zentech
photo credit: ッ Zach Hoeken ッ via photopin cc

Topics: electronic manufacturing, pcb prototype assembly

Current Trends In The Electronic Manufacturing Services Industry

Posted by Matthew Turpin on Mon, Jul 21, 2014 @ 07:30 AM

electronic manufacturing

Technology is always changing, so what does that mean for technology manufacturers and sellers?

It's easy to overlook just how quickly “common wisdom” about the manufacturing industry can become outdated. The Asian markets became so saturated with manufacturing in the last decade that it's ultimately changing the face of the entire market. Costs-of-living in Asian cities with manufacturing centers are now approaching Western levels, which has -predictably- eliminated most of their cost savings. (More on that below.)

Some are scrambling to set up shop in even cheaper countries; others are beginning to reconsider the wisdom of outsourcing halfway around the world. They're doing this even while the industry itself, and its needs, are also changing.

So what are the big trends in manufacturing services at the moment, and what areas are expected to boom in coming years? Let's take a look...

Major Trends Worth Noting In The Electronic Manufacturing Services Industry

1 – In-Automotive Electronics

“Smart Cars” are quickly becoming the new rage among auto manufacturers. A few years ago, it was only the high-end “luxury” brands including hookups for smartphones and tablets.

Now? We're likely only a few years from seeing those become “standard” options. In fact, they may even come to supplant more expensive audio setups in low-cost cars. After all, from a manufacturing perspective, it's a lot cheaper to include an iPod dock than it is to include a full radio/audio player.

And in the meantime, electronics are expected to comprise forty percent of car component costs in 2015.

Or, at the high-end, we're now seeing brands like Lexus talking about full “Heads Up Displays” integrated onto\into their front windshields, to create a driver's view that, in many ways, looks like the sorts of HUDs we see on military equipment. Research in this sector is undoubtedly going to cause a boom.

2 – Medical Electronics

Another industry showing plenty of growth, and no reason to predict much else, is the medical field. Rapidly-developing countries are buying up medical equipment about as fast as anyone can produce it. They're also looking into setting up their own shops, especially in India, which already has a thriving (if often unlicensed) biomed field.

Parallel to this, of course, is the never-ending drive by the high-tech nations to keep developing better medical hardware.

Either way, current estimates by Frost's are that the electronics manufacturing sector will be worth nearly $40 billion by the end of the decade. It's a wide-open field with room for practically any quality manufacturer.

3 – Green Technologies

Being Green isn't just for hippies and disaffected Xers any more. As climate change statistics continue to mount, there's increasing pressure from all areas – consumers, businesses, and governments – to look into more eco-friendly manufacturing solutions. The various carbon cap or carbon trading plans being implemented are also helping to drive this push.

With major programs being launched to drive research in the field, manufacturing concerns whoelectronic manufacturing can get their ISO certifications in place could see a lot of interest, even in countries that aren't at the low end of the global manufacturing cost scale.

4 – American Reshoring

Remember when we said Asian outsourcing wasn't much cheaper any more? According to The Boston Consulting Group, manufacturing in America is now only five percent more expensive than Asian manufacturing when all hidden costs are considered.

Considering the major difference in quality assurance and reliability a company gets from domestic manufacturing, that 5% starts looking like a small price to pay to avoid a (literal) world of supply line hassles.

Mexico also continues to grow as a manufacturing base... however, its ongoing political and criminal instability are a serious barrier to investment.

You Can't Relax In Electronics Manufacturing

It's a fast-changing business world, and we all have to keep up if we want to keep in business. What trends have you noticed in the industry? Let the world know below!

Electronic Interconnect Cabling Whitepaper from Zentech

Topics: electronic manufacturing, electronic manufacturing services industry, assembly electronic

Hidden Costs To Beware When Hiring PCB Prototype Assembly

Posted by Matthew Turpin on Thu, Jul 17, 2014 @ 07:00 AM

pc boards

It's little wonder than when a company is looking to get into electronics manufacturing, they usually look to hire a manufacturing facility rather than trying to build their own plant. The up-front costs of maintaining a production center are simply too high for most operations to consider, especially if it needs to be versatile enough to handle PCB prototype creation.

This is one area, however, where a business needs to proceed with caution. Once you choose a partner for your PCB assembly, you're putting a lot of trust -and responsibility- in their hands. It's easy for a business to choose manufacturing facilities based solely on low up-front prices, and all too often, costs they hadn't considered began creeping into the mix.

For example:  Recent studies of the entire manufacturing process shows that going overseas is only five percent less expensive than staying domestic. That easily demonstrates just how many extra fees and costs involved in hiring PCB manufacturing.

Warning Signs Your Electronics Assembly Partner May Not Be A Great Deal

1 – Outright “Hidden” Fees

Before signing, it's vital to read the contract carefully. A lot of manufacturing centers like to nickle-and-dime their customers with a pile of fees for things such as file format conversion, or hand placement of parts. It may be reasonable to request these fees, depending on the circumstances, but a partner who isn't up-front about them may also be looking for other ways to skim.

Their sales representative should always be totally open and honest about ALL your costs in dealing with them.

2 – Security Guarantees

There is serious money in black market prototype designs, and there have been major problems over the years with contractors “accidentally” letting CAD files or other design documentation leak out to other partners. Occasionally a company has even found itself competing directly against knockoffs made from its own schematics.

Whoever you partner with should be offering full assurances, in writing, complete with penalties and restitution for non-compliance. Ideally, this is paired with an auditing system that you have access to.

The security of your IP should be one of your biggest concerns when dealing with a PCB assembly service. Don't simply assume they're secure; ask for hard proof.

3 – Inflexible Supply Lines Contract Electronic Assembly

This is one of the biggest “gotchas” that too many businesses don't see coming. If your PCB prototyping is going to move into full production, are the supply lines feeding it going to be able to shift to meet your needs? 6- or 12-month contracts are common, but they cause a business to be heavily “locked in” to a single manufacturing plan.

A major market shift a few months down the road could leave a company behind the curve, and with months of work before they can retool their processes. So, your prototyper and other production contracts should either have leeway, or be with partners with flexible processes that can adapt quickly to change.

4 – Counterfeit Parts

If your PCB assembler doesn't have database-oriented parts tracking, you may be at risk of seeing counterfeit parts make their way into the supply chain. It's all too easy for a manufacturer without sufficient oversight to cut corners on components, or even for their own outsourcers to do the same to them.

Poor-quality parts can ruin a prototype. Worse, it leaves your designers in an impossible situation, where they cannot determine why the prototype failed. Your PCB manufacturing partner needs to be able to offer true assurances that your products will have nothing but genuine, guaranteed parts.

Need Reliable PCB Assembly?

ZenTech is one of America's largest and most robust electronics manufacturing resources, using fully modernized and tracked systems to ensure quality and security at every stage of the process. Our oversight is among the best in the industry.

To learn more about how we protect and nurture your ideas, just contact us for details!


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Topics: electronic manufacturing, pcb prototype assembly

Electronics Manufacturing: From the Imagination to Store Shelves - It's All Interconnected

Posted by Matthew Turpin on Thu, Apr 24, 2014 @ 08:00 AM

When you look at a PC board, what do you see? To the untrained eye, the makeup of these electronic manufacturingboards may seem chaotic and confusing. An electronics professional, on the other hand, would see a symphony of microchips, all in harmony with interconnected circuits. The completed board brings life to the technological gadgets, tools, and devices that all of us depend on each day, and its the perfect interconnection of the various components and circuitry formed by copper wire tracing that makes this possible.

 In the same way, all of the ideas, people, plans, components, machinery, and testing involved with the design and manufacture of PC boards are also interconnected. Even though there's a lot going on throughout the process, every thing and every person are intrinsically linked to one another, and the finished product depends on this connection. From start to finish, it's important that you never lose sight of the big picture and how everything works together for good.  

Electronic Interconnection: Everything Counts  

Ideas Become Designs    

Like most professionals working within the technological sector, you're very inventive and creative. You are constantly looking for ways to make things better and easier for the world through advanced electronic devices. As you think and imagine throughout the day, you begin to develop ideas. Those ideas then become the basis for creating plans and designs.

Designs Become Roadmaps    

Once you've determined what it is that you want to accomplish with your ideas, you're ready to move on to the design state. Here, you and your team of skilled engineers work together to bring your ideas to life. You put your heads together to determine how each system component will work together to complete the function or functions that you have imagined for your product.

Roadmap Plans Set Assembly Into Motion    

It is only when you have been able to nail down the final details and approve your team's designs that you can move forward with the assembly process. The design schematics will provide you with the information that you need in order to purchase the required system components and parts, and to determine how to go about actually assembling the device. Should labor from your employees be relied upon, or will the project require the use of robotics and specialized machinery? This phase of the product will offer these answers.

Assembly Yields Products     electronic manufacturing company

Regardless of whether you're creating a single working prototype or are attempting to fulfill a larger scale order of the new device, the assembly process will yield all of the products that you and/or your customers have demanded.

Products Demand Testing    

Even when the assembly and manufacture of a product is completed, it's still not ready to go out to buyers. First, specialized workers and equipment must be utilized in order to test the functionality, efficiency, and safety of the devices that have been developed by your company. Should any defects or problems be detected during this process, you may need to evaluate the underlying issue to ensure that it hasn't corrupted an entire batch. 

Tested Products are Sold to Buyers    

Once a product has been tested and approved for sale, they can be offered to your customers for purchase and for use. Your buyers will make use of your device, and are very likely to review their opinions on its efficiency and effectiveness, or make suggestions for future products.

Buyers Inspire Ideas      

Customer reviews are beneficial to electronics companies like your own. By taking the time to learn the thoughts and opinions of those using your devices, you can draw inspiration for how you can continue to make products that meet consumer demand. 

Just as the parts of a board work together to improve the lives of people throughout the world, every step in the process of developing PCBs is interconnected and important. You'll never look at the cable interconnects and tracing of a PC board again. 

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Topics: electronic manufacturing, Contract Electronic Manufacturers, Electronic Interconnect Cables

How To Find A Reliable Electronic Manufacturing Company

Posted by Matthew Turpin on Thu, Nov 14, 2013 @ 07:00 AM

Is your business in need of a reliable electronic manufacturing company? Although you have plenty of third party companies that would be interested in getting your business, there are some that are more qualified than others. So how can you tell the difference? It's actually easier than you may think. By following these 10 simple steps, you can find an excellent contract manufacturer with total confidence. 

How to Find a Reliable Electronic Manufacturing Company in 10 Easy Steps

1. Read reviews & check referencesElectronic Manufacturing Company

Customer opinion is the truest testament to the the quality and reliability of an electronic manufacturing company. It's smart to take the time to go online and find out what other clients have to say about your prospective manufacturing partner. In addition to this, feel free to ask the contractor to supply you with references. Ask these references about the types of projects they have hired the contractor for, their satisfaction with the work, turnaround times, and their likelihood to offer their return business.

2. Ask about industry experience

Next, it's important to learn about what type of industry experience the contractor actually has. How many years has the company been in business? How many years of combined experience do its employees posses? What are their hiring requirements? Finding out the type of knowledge and skill that the contractor demands of its team will signify its level of professionalism and reliability.

3. Discover the contractor's exact abilities

You can't make the decision to work with an electronic manufacturing contractor if you don't have a comprehensive idea of what it is that they can do for you. Ask, in detail, about the services that they have to offer. In addition to the actual manufacture of PCBs and other electronics, you may discover that the contractor can help you with the design process, with repairs, etc.

4. Ask to see samples of current and previous work

You'll need to find out if the contract manufacturer's work meshes with what you expect. By asking to see examples of both prior and current work, you can get a more "big picture" look at the contractor's body of work so that you can make a more informed decision.

5. Insist on performance standards

Total compliance with industry standards is non-negotiable when selecting an electronic manufacturing company. Your prospect should be able to provide you with evidence that they operate legally, and compliantly.

6. Inquire about design/manufacture methods and equipment

If you're going to trust a third party to design and/or build your products, you should know what methods and equipment that they will use to do so. Ask how often the equipment is maintained or upgraded, and find out how advanced the company's processes truly are.

7. Learn about suppliers and device componentselectronics manufacturing service

Does your contract manufacturer buy from reputable suppliers, or do they cut corners by purchasing counterfeit or bootlegged system components? This is important to know, as it can impact the quality, safety, and functionality of your products.

8. Find out about product testing

A reliable electronic manufacturing company will have testing policies in place for assembly productions. This helps to keep the standard high, and avoid the mass production of faulty or sub-standard devices.

9. Request information on fulfillment services

Some contract manufacturing contractors will leave you high and dry after initially assembling your products. Without the original design schematics or available machinery, you may find yourself unable to make repairs. Because of this, it's best to find a contractor who will stand by its devices after completion, offering repair and other fulfillment services.

10. Choose American

Finally, it's in your best interest to work with third party manufacturers who are based in the United States. This is the only way to ensure that American standards are being upheld, and that quality parts and mechanisms are utilized.

What's important to you when looking for a  reliable electronic manufacturing company? 


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Topics: electronic manufacturing company, electronic manufacturing, electronic manufacturing services industry

Perfecting Electronic Design And Manufacture

Posted by Laura Austin on Thu, Apr 25, 2013 @ 07:00 AM

In the creation of systems that accomplish achieve great levels of performance without compromising their power consumption and size; there is the need to use well-designed electronic components. This pushes electronic component designers to come up with ways of designing and manufacturing new and more efficient components.

The quest to perfecting on electronic design and manufacture starts with the creation of innovation that will not only open new frontiers to the designers but also develop better andelectronic design more efficient ways to implement designs.

In the making of electronic components, the whole task starts with the mere designing of the proposed component layout. While this can be created as an imagination of the designer's mind the physically implemented, designers no longer, do this. There are systems to simulate designs and test them to ensure that they do exactly what you intent them to do in the most efficient way possible.

Different experts use different systems to simulate designs specific to their field. The precision of the tool used will vary depending on the precision of the design at hand. For instance, coming up with a simple design that uses High Scale Integration techniques would not need very high precision tools since the scale of integration sort of give some room for error.

However, designers charge with the task of coming up with very large scale integration designs have no option but to look for elaborate design systems that take care of each and every small detail that can lead to poor performance in a chip.

The theory of miniaturization deals only with reduced cost per electronic component and ignores the number of details designers have to take into consideration during electronic design and manufacture of such components. For instance, thinner conducting wires lead to higher resistivity, which should be eliminated during design phase. This cannot be achieved if you as the designer lack means of modeling a detailed design during your trial phase.

Apart from having the best design tool at you help, you also need to have the knowledge and the general knack as a designer to make it big in the field. Design software and other intelligent systems used in electronic design and manufacture are just like tools. They cannot bail you out of design trouble if you do not know how and when to use them

After the design phase is complete, the other thing that you should do to complete the whole
idea of perfect design and manufacture is through proper implementation of designs. It is one thing to design a system and virtually test it and another to create a real life replica of the same.

Hurdles to implementing designs arise from lack of the elite raw material and components that the designer had in mind because you feel that you do not have enough money for the
electronic design and manufacturejob. In addition to this, the lack of a skilled task force might hinder the implementation of designs since some details of the job might not be observed to the latter.

Thanks to technology, electronic design and manufacture can also draw from existing artificial intelligence constructs to come up with ways of achieving precision that human beings cannot sustain while producing components to meet the market demand. Such tools can be used to make the manufacture task easier, faster and more precise but will never replace the natural skill of the manufacture’s human task force.

If you want to perfect on electronic design and manufacture, you have to ensure that both your machines and workers are of top quality and remain in shape. In addition to keeping a state of the art task force, it is the work of the manager to ensure that a conducive working environment is set to allow delivery of designs and components without breaching terms and conditions of a contract or draining employees in order to satisfy client demands.

Topics: electronic design and manufacture, electronic manufacturing, electronic design

Rating Highest In Electronics Manufacturing Services Industry

Posted by Laura Austin on Thu, Feb 21, 2013 @ 07:00 AM

electronics-manufacturing-services-industryFinding the best and brightest when it comes to all of your electronic manufacturing needs doesn't have to feel like a hopeless endeavor, especially when there are companies out there striving to be only the greatest for both you and themselves. 

Of course, finding that perfect fit with a manufacturing company normally has a few different parameters, mostly involving what kind of components are being used, turn-around time, and the quality of the end product. There are several other things to take into consideration, one of them being ratings among the industry.

The electronic manufacturing services industry has extreme pride for all of the work they do and most, if not all, companies ensure only the best for their customers. However, there are still companies and services which go above and beyond and are recognized for their efforts. How can you tell when a company is rated highest among the electronic manufacturing services industry? Easy, check out the major flags below.

High Attention To Detail

It's all in the details, especially with electronic components and PCBs. When something isn't working, breaks, or has any faulty problems when it shouldn't, that normally means there was probably a problem during the manufacturing or testing process. Instead of trying to point fingers, however, it is better to understand that issues can arise and to find an electronic manufacturing company that keeps a very acute attention to detail.

Making sure all parts are in working order, everything is properly soldered, all copper plating is done to a T, and much more is always part of the testing process and should never beelectronics-manufacturing skipped or rushed. When that happens, you have a problem on your hands that could potentially cost you hundreds or thousands of dollars.

Look For Ratings

Any company would be proud of their hard work and dedication, especially if they have won any awards or recognition for all of their services. Because of this, a website is a great place to look for ratings, testimonials, and any awards the electronic manufacturing business has acquired. Look for them in:

  • About page

  • Front or home page

  • Testimonials page

  • Blog or "news" page

If a website cannot be found, there are always business cards and other promotional material to check out, or simply even asking.

Authority In The Industry
Another great way to figure out if the company you're working with is an industry leading electronic manufacturing company, is if their name and brand is recognized and they're an authority in the industry. This can normally be seen through their advertising and even their blog. 

electronics manufacturingDo they provide useful and helpful information for their customers about the industry through case studies, white papers, blog posts, articles, and other such content? While not all of the highest rated companies might not be doing this, the ones taking the time to provide insight and information are a sure fire way to ensure the most impeccable service for you.

The Customer Experience
Continuous quality and great customer service is argued to be the cornerstones of any business rated the highest in their industry. This is true even for electronic manufacturing because the customer needs their product and the manufacturing services company needs the project, and this two-way street needs to be highly maintained for both.

Rating highest among the competition means comfortably providing the best customer experience, and the buyers and engineers getting that experience will normally be more than happy to share their thoughts for testimonials. When you're looking for a high rating electronic manufacturing company, don't forget to do your research on them! Google their name, browse through the results, and take the time to consider your options.

Topics: electronic manufacturing company, manufacturing services, electronic manufacturing, electronic manufacturing services industry, contract electronic manufacturing services